Mûrier indien

Morinda citrifolia
Indian mulberry
Nono (S, T, G, A), Noni (M)

Particularités

These are small fruit trees in the shape of potatoes. Small flowers grow on the fruit. Its dissemination is done through zoochory and hydrochory. This plant has many medicinal properties. The leaves and fruit are used as a poultice for all dermal problems (infections, abscesses, boils, bites…). The cataplasm made from leaves can be used raw or cooked and must not be applied for too long, it can cause blisters. The leaves can also serve to wrap food to be cooked. The fruit, which are comestible, may be prepared as a juice or a fruice sauce that reinforces the immune system. Its yellow to pink wood is not really used since it is sensitive to humidity and vulnerable to fungus. The core of the roots is used to make dyes for tapas. In the Polynesian culture, the fruit of the nono had another use to the young adults, to choose a partner. The unripe fruit was thrown at the desired mate, it was the “Taora nono”.

Famille

Rubiaceae

Biogéographical status

Polynesian introduction

Type biologique

tree

Abondance sur Tetiaroa

Common

Écosystème sur Tetiaroa

mixed forest

sources
légende

S: Societé | T: Tuamotu | M: Marquesas | G: Gambier | A: Australs | FP: Polynésie française