screwpine / pandanus

Pandanus tectorius
Fara (S, T, A), Pae'ore (FP)

Interesting facts

This is one of the most common and useful native plants throughout the five Polynesian archipelagos. Many varieties exist in French Polynesia but the seaside species, Pandanus tectorius var. tectorius (with spines) is the most abundant is these islands. The variety without spines is laevis. All Screwpine parts are used, from leaves to roots. Leaves are a source of weaving material to make roofing, baskets, mats, etc. The fruit can be eaten, and also used as a paintbrush. The odorous flowers, called Hinano in Tahitian, are still used to perfume monoi, flowers necklaces, and crowns. The wood, which is very resistant, is exploited as a construction material for canoes, house frames, and weapons. And finally roots are used in many traditional medicinal remedies.




Biogeographical status


Life form


Abundance on Tetiaroa


Ecosystem on Tetiaroa

beach, mixed forest


Butaud J.F., 2013. Tuamotu du centre, Guide floristique. Direction de l'Environnement
Butaud J.F., Gérard J., Guibal D., 2011. Guide des arbres de Polynésie française, bois et utilisations. Au vent des îles.
Barrau, 1971. Useful plants of Tahiti. Société des Océanistes, Paris, Dossier 8.


S: Society | T: Tuamotu | M: Marquesas | G: Gambier | A: Australs | FP: French Polynesia